Completing the full 90 minutes, the 32-year-old turned at at right-back as the Whites opening their campaign with a 1-0 victory over the Blades at Macron Stadium.
Joining Bolton on a free transfer, the versatile defender was most recently on the books at Rotherham United before signing a one-year deal with the Trotters.
Starting his career with his Portsmouth, he broke into their first team during the 2001/02 season before enjoying loan stints with Exeter City and AFC Bournemouth.
After moving to Stoke City, he signed for Sheffield Wednesday in January 2009 following a brief loan spell at Hillsborough and was a member of the Owls side that won promotion to the Championship in 2011/12.
Spending last season with Rotherham United, Buxton made 22 appearances in all competitions as the Millers avoided relegation.